Throughout the centuries, umbrellas have been part and parcel of our daily lives, and we can’t think of a single day without an umbrella. To serve well in different applications and reach within every person’s price range, umbrellas have been improvised throughout history. All of us are familiar with an umbrella, but do we know the names and functions of every part of an umbrella?
The modern umbrella consists of many parts enabling them to be convenient and useful in any weather conditions. To better understand umbrella parts, we’ve outlined a clear diagram with the names and descriptions of each part of an umbrella in this article to learn about umbrellas in detail. Let’s start!
Parts of a Rain Umbrella
The tip or top of the umbrella, above the canopy, is called a ferrule that can be decorative, flat, or any other designs depending on different umbrella types. There is a wooden Ferrule with metal cover, fiber-glass tip for golf umbrella, and flat case ferrule for a telescopic umbrella.
The shaft or the pole is an important long and sleek part of an umbrella that forms the main body from the top of the handle up to the Ferrule. In the shaft, there are tension springs to open and close the umbrella easily. Metal shafts are usually hollow, and the springs are inserted there.
Below the Ferrule there’s a short pole called umbrella End. The umbrella end is a static part of the shaft.
4. Open Cap
Above the canopy, the open cap is situated to keep the top of the canopy in its place and endure the canopy’s tension on the shaft when the umbrella is open.
The canopy is the arc or dome-shaped cover or tent part of the umbrella that protects you from the sun or rain and comprises eight-panel sections. The outer canopy part is usually made of pongee or high-grade polyester (others are Nylon, PVC, Plastic Fabric, and Cotton) with a scotch-guard finish on the top that faces the rain or sun and never changes its shape whether it’s dry or wet. The internal canopy is printed or dyed with an acrylic coating on the underside that you see when you look up while the canopy is open.
6. Top Notch
The top notch is the part just below the canopy that connects the canopy to the shaft.
Umbrella ribs give and maintain the structure and shape of the canopy. The ribs are attached to the shaft running from the top notch through the canopy seam and give the canopy its bubble shape while the umbrella is opened. Fiber-glass ribs can withstand heavy and robust usage.
When the umbrella is open, the tube is defined by the space between the runner and the umbrella’s top on the shaft.
The stretcher stretches out the canopy when you want to open the umbrella. One end of the stretcher is attached to the runner on the shaft, and the other one is attached to the canopy. By moving the runner up and down on the shaft, you can move the stretchers to open or close your umbrella.
The umbrella runner is made of plastic or metal, and this T-shaped joint part of the umbrella slides up and down alongside the umbrella’s shaft, allowing you to push it up for opening the umbrella and slide it down to close the umbrella.
11. Top Spring
Below the runner, the top spring is placed at a higher point on the shaft, allowing you to open and close the umbrella. A pin is usually located into the shaft a few inches above the top string so that when the runner goes beyond the top spring, the pin prevents the canopy from sliding past the top of the umbrella.
Tips are the ends of the ribs that extend past the edge of the canopy. Tips can be covered with small wooden or plastic caps or left simply bear with a thick ball shape to protect the user or people around the umbrella.
13. Center Spring (On Telescopic)
In the case of a Telescopic umbrella, there is a center spring on the shaft that allows the shaft’s height to be shorter or longer. This spring acts as a propel in the opening motion of the umbrella.
14. Bottom Spring
Above the handle, there is a spring at the bottom part of the shaft that allows the umbrella to open and close, is called the bottom spring.
15. Tip Cup
The tip cup is sometimes a part of the handle, and sometimes it is a separate part. It is a lip above the handle of the umbrella where the canopy rests when the umbrella is closed so that the canopy tips don’t slide down past the tip cup.
Like the canopy, the handle is also a customizable part of an umbrella, and it can come in different designs. It can be a straight handle, crook handle, or a telescopic handle with a push-button for only auto-opening or both auto opening and closing. The handle of an umbrella enables it to be easy and convenient for you to carry and hold onto your umbrella in any weather conditions.
The hook handle is a conventional design to help you grip the umbrella handle, use it as a walking stick, carry your arm, keep your hands free, or hang your umbrella to dry. Rubber handles are very durable yet comfortable one. On the other hand, the straight handle has a nylon loop to carry your umbrella on the wrist or hang it comfortably.
Duomatic is a push-button release system placed on the handle of auto opening/closing umbrella models. After closing, you must further press in the umbrella by hand along the shaft to bring it in the right position and closer to the tip cup to create the required tension for the opening operation again by the press of the Duomatic.
18. Tie Wrap
Tie wrap is a small fabric or strip to wrap around the closed umbrella. It is made from the pongee fabric, and it usually utilizes a popper or velcro to close the wrap and keep the canopy closed and tidy when the umbrella is not in use.
19. Umbrella Sleeve
A protective sleeve is usually made from pongee or the same material as used for the canopy. Umbrella sleeve usually comes mostly with a telescopic umbrella to protect it when not in use or while transporting in a bag.
Today, using modern technology, we have various designs of the umbrella. Depending on the design, an umbrella can have many details about the mechanics of each part. Here all the parts of an umbrella, starting from the up to bottom, will help you to have in-depth knowledge about the umbrella and repair it by yourself when necessary without going to the workshop.